生灵的天堂 Paradise for Wildlife
青海

生灵的天堂 Paradise for Wildlife

2021年03月18日 09:51:29
来源:凤凰网青海

青海省幅员辽阔,地形复杂,自然条件多样,有森林、灌木、草原、荒漠、草甸以及水生植物等多种植被类型,植物资源丰富。多样的自然环境为各种动物生存提供了条件。加之人们敬天惜地、众生平等的思想,使这里保持了良好的生态环境,为高原野生动植物的生长、栖息和繁衍提供了独特的自然条件,是无数珍禽异兽、奇花异草生存的乐园和天堂。据不完全统计,省内仅陆栖脊椎动物就达270多种,其中经济兽类有110多种。珍贵的稀有动物有:“雪山之王”——雪豹、“高原勇士”——野牦牛、“荒漠之舟”——野骆驼、“珍禽之冠”——黑颈鹤等。除此以外还有白唇鹿、天鹅、雪鸡、岩羊、水獭、旱獭、赤狐、猞猁、石貂、兔狲、香鼬、马鹿、水鹿、麝、棕熊、黄羊、野驴、盘羊、鹅喉羚、狍等。青海的野生植物约有2000多种,其中经济类植物1000余种;药用植物680余种,名贵药材50多种,雪莲、夏草、贝母、当归、发菜、枸杞等深受国内外人士的欢迎。青海境内种类繁多的高原野生动植物,不仅具有极高的经济价值,同时也为野生动植物的科学研究提供了宝贵的资源,成为人类共有的财富。

In the vast land of Qinghai, it takes on the most complex geographical and diversified natural conditions. Forests, bushes, grasslands, deserts and so on are included in local plantation. The diversified natural landscape provides the living environment to different species. In addition, the people here show great respect to the nature and believe in equality among all living creatures, the local environment maintains an ideal place for the proliferation and habituation of highland wildlife. Rough and initial surveys show there is a total of 270 species of terrestrial vertebrates in Qinghai, as well 110 animals of economic value, and 294 species of birds. Rare animals include snow leopards (Kinf of Snow Mountains) wild yak (Warrior of Highland), wild camels (Vessel of Deserts) and wild black crane (Fowl of Fowls). Wildlife also includes otter,lynx,macaque(monkey), alpine weasel, roe deer, blue sheep, Mongolia gazelle ,Tibetan antelope , Equus Kiang, Przewalski's Gazelle blue-eared pheasant, musk deer as well as white-lipped Deer. Local wild flora includes sea-buckthorn (sallow thorn), capillary, Chinese wolfberry, astragalus, licorice root, lingzhi, snow lotus, wangle, ranbu(dissipate stasis and pain killing),Ginkgo Seed, Rhodiola rosea/Golden root/Roseroot, (herbal plant) cynomorium, Songaricum, caterpillar fungus/(herbal medicine) Cordyceps, Chinese caterpillar fungus, Angelica sinensis, rheum otticinal as well as silverweed cinquefoil root. Qinghai owns over 1000 economic plants, 680 medical herbs, and over 50 valuable medical materials. Some of them enjoy great popularity overseas, i.e. Saussurea, summer grass, Fritillaria. The abundant natural wildlife in Qinghai provide valuable resources for scientific research, they count as common wealth among all human beings.