民族的乐土 A Playground for Ethnic Groups
青海

民族的乐土 A Playground for Ethnic Groups

2021年03月18日 09:48:14
来源:凤凰网青海

青海的山川草原曾经是西部民族交融演化的大舞台。现在世居民族有汉族、藏族、回族、土族、撒拉族和蒙古族。在青海总人口中,汉族之外的民族占47%,其中藏族150多万,回族近100万,土族和撒拉族是青海独有的民族。各民族在不同领域中保持着既有鲜明个性又有现实适用性的历史文化、传统习俗和生产生活方式。长期以来,青海就是多种宗教信仰并存和多种宗教文化共荣之地,藏传佛教、伊斯兰教、汉传佛教、道教、基督教等多种宗教在青海均有不同程度的传播,创造了一种神秘文化的氛围。从柳湾彩陶到唐蕃古道,从藏传佛教到塔尔寺,从伊斯兰教到东关清真大寺,从热贡艺术到格萨尔传说,正是青海原始壮丽的自然之中蕴含的人类文明与文化,这种文化像它生存的环境一样,具有某种神秘性,或者说具有某种虽然古老却不失新鲜和活力的特殊性。

走进青海,就走进了民族文化的长廊。漫步其中,我们就会看到,原来,这是一方洋溢着热情和创造的乐土。

The mountains and grasslands in Qinghai used to be a stage for the nationalities in the west to mingle with each other. The local nationalities that live here for generations include Han, Hui, Tu, Salar and Tibetan. In detail, the local minority groups (excluding Han) account for 47% of Qinghai’s total population, as Tibetan population reaches over 1.5 million, Hui population close to 1 million. Tu and Salar are Qinghai’ unique nationalities. Different nationalities in here not only carry on their distinctive but also cultivate practical manners in their history, lifestyle to better suit a modern life. Qinghai has nurtured a fertile land to boost the development of diversified cultures and religious beliefs , Tibetan Buddhism, Islam, Taoism and Christianity co-exist here , and together they form an atmosphere of mysterious culture. In another way, those flourishing and fascinating traditional cultures and arts, like Ta’er Temple (a Tibetan Buddhism Temple), Regong Art, King Gesar Epic,represent the splendid and vigorous civilization growing on this primitive wild land. Like its environment, those culture and civilization are charming and mysterious, it’s unique in that it’s still young and energetic, and ancient at the same time.

Coming to Qinghai, one walks into an gateway of ethnic cultures. Qinghai is made of passion and enthusiasm.